# HOW TO SUM/ RETURN AN ARRAY WITH THE INDEX FUNCTION

**RETURNING AN ARRAY BY THE INDEX FUNCTION**

The **INDEX** function can help you return an **ARRAY** of values to another function like the **SUM** function by integrating **INDEX** with the **IF** and **N** functions. This combination of functions can enable you to sum up several items in a list when you want only the values of specific cells to be added. In the example below, the formula in Cell E6 is given as:

**=SUM****(INDEX****(B6:B10,****N(IF(1,{1,4,5}))))**

Some common errors that you should avoid when using this formula are leaving out the equal to sign and leaving spaces between characters.

## Example

**STEP 1**

**Type the data into the spreadsheet as shown below**

**STEP 2**

**Highlight Cell E6 and type in the string below**

**=SUM(INDEX(B6:B10,N(IF(1,{1,4,5}))))**

**STEP 3**

- Click the
**ENTER**button. When you do the same process for**Cell E7,**you will have the result below

This formula has enabled us to effectively **SUM** the values that are present in **Cells B6, B9, and B10. **Can you try that of **Cell E7**? I am positive you can!

## Notes

The formula is believed to function in this way. The **IF function** returns as** TRUE** any number that is contained in the parenthesis because the only argument after the logical test **(1)** is true (the logical statement here means that any value that is a digit should be returned as **TRUE**). The **N function** returns the values that are returned as **TRUE** by the **IF function **to the **INDEX function**. The **INDEX function** uses these values to check through the **RANGE OF VALUES** **(B6:B10)** for their positions within the **VALUE COLUMN**. The **INDEX FUNCTION** then reads the digits in the format below:

- 1 is returned or read as 49
- 4 is returned or read as 80
- 5 is returned or read as 99

The **INDEX FUNCTION** then returns these numbers to the **SUM FUNCTION**. The **SUM FUNCTION **sums the numbers returned by the **INDEX FUNCTION **and the result is displayed in** Cell E6.**

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