While working with Excel, we are able to determine the number of values that satisfy one or more criteria within a specified range by using the **COUNTIFS **function. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in generating a course completion summary with criteria.

*Figure 1. Final result: Course completion summary with criteria*

Final formula: **=COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H3,D$3:D$9,"<>")/COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H3)**

**Syntax of COUNTIFS Function**

`=`

**COUNTIFS**(**criteria_range1**, **criteria1**, [**criteria_range2**, **criteria2**]…)

Parameters:

**Criteria_range1**: the data range that will be evaluated using the criteria1**Criteria1**: the criteria or condition that determines which cells will be counted**Criteria_range2**and**criteria2**are optional; only applied when there are more than one criteria as specified

**Setting up Our Data**

Our table consists of five columns: Grade (column B), ID (column C), Course 1 (column D), Course 2 (column E) and Course 3 (column F). Cells H3 and H4 contain our criteria which classifies course completion by grade: Grade 11 and Grade 12.

We want to summarize the completion of each course by grade in percentage form. The resulting percentage of completion per course will be reflected in columns I, J and K.

* Figure 2. Sample data to summarize course completion with criteria*

**Course completion summary with criteria**

We want to determine the completion of each course with grade as criteria.

**Course completion summary for Grade 11**

To summarize course completion for Grade 11, we follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Select cell I3

**Step 2**. Enter the formula: `=`

`COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H3,D$3:D$9,"<>")/COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H3)`

**Step 3**: Press ENTER

**Step 4**: Copy the formula in cell I3 to cells J3 and K3 by clicking the “+” icon at the bottom-right corner of cell I3 and dragging it to the right.

The dollar signs “$” in the formula fix the cells so that we can easily copy and paste the formula to other cells.

* Figure 3. Using COUNTIFS to determine completion of Course 1, Grade 11*

Our formula consists of two COUNTIFS functions. The first COUNTIFS determines the count of Grade 11 students who completed Course 1, while the second COUNTIFS determines the total count of Grade 11 students.

The first COUNTIFS has two criteria. It only counts the cells that satisfy both criteria:

- cells in B3:B9 with values equal to
**H3**or grade “**11**” - cells in D3:D9 that are not empty; the symbol “
**<>**” means non-empty text string

The first COUNTIFS returns the value 2, for the two Grade 11 students who completed Course. The second COUNTIFS returns the value 3, for the three Grade 11 students. As a result, the value in cell **I3** is ⅔ or **67%**.

Below table shows the course completion summary for Grade 11.

* Figure 4. Output: Course completion summary with grade 11 as criteria*

**Course completion summary for Grade 12**

To summarize course completion for Grade 12, we follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Select cell I4

**Step 2**. Enter the formula: `=`

`COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H4,D$3:D$9,"<>")/COUNTIFS($B$3:$B$9,$H4)`

**Step 3**: Press ENTER

**Step 4**: Copy the formula in cell I4 to cells J4 and K4 by clicking the “+” icon at the bottom-right corner of cell I4 and dragging it to the right.

* Figure 5. Entering the formula for completion of Course 1, Grade 12*

The procedure is the same as in our previous example. Only this time, the criteria used is** H4** or grade “**12**”. Our formula counts the number of Grade 12 students who completed Course 1, which is “**3**”. It then divides the sum with the total count of Grade 12 students, which is “**4**”.

The formula returns the value ¾ or **75%** in cell **I4**.

Below table shows the course completion summary for Grade 12.

* Figure 6. Output: Course completion summary with grade 12 as criteria*

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