Working with dates is one of the most challenging aspects for many. However, Excel has made working with dates simpler over time. One of these features offered by Excel is to generate weekdays excluding weekends. We can do it using the WORKDAY function. In this tutorial, we will be learn how to get a series of dates by workdays in Excel.
Figure 1. Example of How to Get a Series of Dates by Workdays
How the Function Works
Here, we are using the WORKDAY function. It extracts the next working date from the date provided. The arguments used are:
- start_date – This argument is required. It is the starting day from which WORKDAY starts generating dates.
- days – This argument is also required. We will use 1 here. It represents the code of weekend dates. 1 stands for Saturday and Sunday.
- [holidays] – This one argument is optional. It represents the non-working dates. Such as, federal or floating holidays.
The WORKDAY function extracts the next working day from the starting date. We can provide custom holidays to skip in [holidays] argument. This will skip the dates for those days.
Setting up Data
We will be using a data set with a starting date in column A.
Figure 2. The Sample Data Set
To generate a series of dates by workdays, we need to:
- Go to cell A3.
- Assign the formula
- Press Enter.
- Drag the formula from cells A3 to A6.
Figure 3. Applying the Formula to the Data
After completing all this we will get a series of dates by workdays.
- If you have different weekends than Saturday and Sunday, you need to customize the day. The default provides 1.
- You can solve the previous example by the WEEKDAY function. We need to assign the formula =IF(WEEKDAY(A2)=6,A2+3,A2+1) to A3.
Figure 4. Example of Using the WEEKDAY Function
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