Excel can calculate a sum, average or count of values based on specific criteria by using the SUMIFS, COUNTIFS and AVERAGEIFS functions. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in comparing these functions to deal with multiple criteria.

*Figure 1. Final result*

**Syntax of the SUMIFS formula**

**=SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, criteria_range2, criteria2)**

The parameters of the SUMIFS function are:

**sum_range**– a range with values which we want to sum**criteria_range1**– a range where we want to set our first condition**criteria1**– the first condition for summing the values**criteria_range2**– a range where we want to set our second condition**criteria2**– the second condition for summing the values

**Setting up Our Data for the Functions**

Our table consists of 3 columns: “Delivery Number” (column B), “Delivery Date” (column C) and “Amount” (column C). In cells G2 and G3, we specify a date range, while in cell G4 we want to get a result of the function.

*Figure 2. Data that we will use in the examples*

**Sum Amount Between Two Value Ranges Using the SUMIFS Function**

In our example, we want to sum all amounts from column D that are between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18.

**Formula:**

**=SUMIFS(D3:D9, C3:C9, ">="&G2, C3:C9, "<="&G3)**

The **sum_range** is D3:D9. **Criteria1** is “>=”&G2. As our first criteria is the date greater than or equal to G2 (1-Nov-18). **Criteria2** is “<=”&G3

To apply the SUMIFS function, we need to follow these steps:

- Select cell G4 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
**=SUMIFS(D3:D9, C3:C9, ">="&G2, C3:C9, "<="&G3)** - Press enter

* Figure 3. Using the SUMIFS function to sum values between two dates*

In this example, we get all amounts which have the corresponding date between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18. As you can see, rows 4 (23-Nov-18), 6 (2-Nov-18) and 7 (16-Nov-18) meet both conditions, so corresponding amounts are summed ($300, $650, $1,200). Finally, the sum in the cell G4 is $2,150.

**Syntax of the COUNTIFS formula**

**=COUNTIFS(criteria_range1, criteria1, criteria_range2, criteria2)**

The parameters of the COUNTIFS function are:

**criteria_range1**– a range where we want to set our first condition**criteria1**– the first condition for summing the values**criteria_range2**– a range where we want to set our second condition**criteria2**– the second condition for summing the values

**Count Items Between Two Value Ranges Using the COUNTIFS Function**

In our example, we want to count all items that are between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18.

**Formula:**

**=COUNTIFS(C3:C9,">="&G2,C3:C9,"<="&G3)**

Both **Criteria_range1** and** Criteria_range2** are the same – C3:C9 (Delivery Date). **Criteria1** is “>=”&G2. As our first criteria is the date greater than or equal to G2 (1-Nov-18). **Criteria2** is “<=”&G3

To apply the COUNTIFS function, we need to follow these steps:

- Select cell G4 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
**=COUNTIFS(C3:C9,">="&G2,C3:C9,"<="&G3)** - Press enter

* Figure 4. Using the COUNTIFS function to count items between two dates*

In this example, the function will calculate all the corresponding date between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18. As you can see, rows 4 (23-Nov-18), 6 (2-Nov-18) and 7 (16-Nov-18) meet both conditions, so the count in the cell G4 is 3.

**Syntax of the AVERAGEIFS formula**

**=AVERAGEIFS(average_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, criteria_range2, criteria2)**

The parameters of the AVERAGEIFS function are:

**average_range**– a range with values for which we want to calculate the average**criteria_range1**– a range where we want to set our first condition**criteria1**– the first condition for calculating the average of the values**criteria_range2**– a range where we want to set our second condition**criteria2**– the second condition for calculating the average of the values

**Calculate the Average Between Two Value Ranges Using the AVERAGEIFS Function**

In our example, we want to calculate the average of all the amounts from column D that are between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18.

**Formula:**

**=AVERAGEIFS(D3:D9, C3:C9, ">="&G2, C3:C9, "<="&G3)**

The **average_range** is D3:D9. **Criteria1** is “>=”&G2. As our first criteria is the date greater than or equal to G2 (1-Nov-18). **Criteria2** is “<=”&G3

To apply the AVERAGEIFS function, we need to follow these steps:

- Select cell G4 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
**=AVERAGEIFS(D3:D9, C3:C9, ">="&G2, C3:C9, "<="&G3)** - Press enter

*Figure 5. Using the AVERAGEIFS function to calculate the average of the amounts between two dates*

In this example, all the amounts that have the corresponding date between 1-Nov-18 and 30-Nov-18 are taken into the calculation of the average. As you can see, rows 4 (23-Nov-18), 6 (2-Nov-18) and 7 (16-Nov-18) meet both conditions, so correspondings amounts are summed ($300, $650, $1,200) and divided by 3. Finally, the average in the cell G4 is $717.

Most of the time, the problem you will need to solve will be more complex than a simple application of a formula or function. If you want to save hours of research and frustration, try our live Excelchat service! Our Excel Experts are available 24/7 to answer any Excel question you may have. We guarantee a connection within 30 seconds and a customized solution within 20 minutes.

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