Excel allows a user to check how many values from an array are less or equal than the limit, using the FREQUENCY function. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in counting values that meet a condition.
Figure 1. The result of the FREQUENCY function
Syntax of the FREQUENCY Formula
The generic formula for the FREQUENCY function is:
The parameters of the FREQUENCY function are:
- data_array – an array with values
- bins_array – an array with bins limits
Setting up Our Data for the FREQUENCY Function
Figure 2. Data that we will use in the FREQUENCY example
Let’s look at the structure of the data we will use. Our data array consists of 3 columns: “Delivery Number” (column B), “Delivery Date” (column C) and “Amount” (column D). The bins array have 2 columns: “Bin” (column F) and “Frequency” (column G). In column G, we want to count how many values from column D are less or equal to the according Bin.
Calculating the Frequency of a Value Using the FREQUENCY Function
In our example, we want to count how many values from column D are less or equal to the value from F3 ($300). The result is in the cell G3.
The formula looks like:
The data_array is the $D$3:$D$9 range, containing the values. The range must be fixed, as we are looking at the same range for every bin. The bins_array is F3 as we want to get the number of values from the column D less than F3.
To apply the FREQUENCY function, we need to follow these steps:
- Select cell G3 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
- Press enter
- Drag the formula down to the other cells in the column by clicking and dragging the little “+” icon at the bottom-right of the cell.
Figure 3. Using the FREQUENCY function to count values less than the limit
As we can see in Figure 3, rows 4 ($300) and 8 ($250) are less than $300. Finally, the result in the cell G3 is 2.
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