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Excel AVERAGE Function

The average of a set of numbers is calculated by adding up the numbers, then dividing this sum by the count of numbers that are being averaged. On this same approach, we can calculate the average of a set of numbers by using the Excel AVERAGE function.

Figure 1. Using the Excel AVERAGE Function

Syntax

The syntax for the AVERAGE function is;

=AVERAGE (number1, [number2], ...)

Where,

  • Number1 – It is a required argument and can be entered as a number, cell reference, range, array or a mix of these. The function ignores the empty cell.
  • Number2 – It is optional to add more numbers up to 255 arguments in total.

Figure 2. The Syntax For the AVERAGE Function

Using the Cell Reference

We can supply the arguments in the AVERAGE function as cell reference or directly as a constant number. To calculate the average sales for 2017 and 2018 we can supply the cell references, such as;

=AVERAGE(C2,D2)

Figure 3. Using the Cell References in AVERAGE Function

Using the Range

The range consists of cells in one row or one column. We can supply the range of cells containing the numeric values as the argument of the AVERAGE function to return the result, such as;

=AVERAGE(C2: D2)

Figure 4. Using the Range in AVERAGE Function

Using the Array

An array contains cells of multiple columns and rows. We can calculate the average of numbers by entering the array as an argument in the AVERAGE function. To calculate the average sales of both 2017 and 2018, we need to enter the array in the function, such as;

=AVERAGE(C2: D13)

Figure 5. Using the Array in AVERAGE Function

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Another blog reader asked this question today on Excelchat:
Solution examples
On the Grade Average worksheet, select G7 and type "Average." In cell G8, use a formula to generate the average of the contents in Cells B8:F8. Use the fill handle to populate your results through G10. The syntax for the Excel Average function is the following: AVERAGE(argument1, [argument2],...). Arguments can be numbers, named ranges, cell references that contain numbers, or arrays. Select Cell A12, and enter "Class Average." Use a formula to generate the average of IP Assignment 1 in cell B12. Use the fill across handle to populate your results of averaging the other assignments to F12
Solved by Z. A. in 40 mins
I need help calculating average time elapsed. It is in dd:hh:mm:ss text format and so I can't calculate using =AVERAGEIF
Solved by O. E. in 11 mins
I contacted you yesterdaya bout how to use the =AVERAGE function, and for real numbers it works fine, but I tried to get the expert to explain to me how to use the =AVERAGE function when the cells have formulas in them that generate '0' value, so the AVERAGE function would ignore these cells in the averaging method, but got no answer. So, I need to know how use the =AVERAGE function so that when there are formulas in the selected cells to average, that EXCEL would ignore those cells like they have real numbers in them, which seems to work fine. Please advise...
Solved by C. J. in 30 mins
I need an IF formula where, IF there is a manual adjustment in a whole column of 100% values (say someone changes one to 90%) would say "Yes" or "No". Tried to solve this with =IF(AVERAGE(...)=100%, "No", "Yes") but it is kind of sloppy).
Solved by M. H. in 20 mins
IF(AVERAGE(C6+E6+G6)>=5000,TRUE,FALSE) I am using AND function and it is not giving me the correct answer
Solved by G. J. in 24 mins

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