**DMIN** is a database function in Excel that returns the number with the smallest value in a list based on one or more criteria. This tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in using the DMIN function.

*Figure 1. Final result of the DMIN function*

**Final formula: =DMIN(B2:E7,C2,B10:E11)**

**Syntax of the DMIN Function**

Returns the number with the smallest value in a range or data set, according to the specified criteria

**Syntax**:

**=DMIN(database, field, criteria)**

**Database**– The range of cells containing our data**Field**– The column whose minimum value we want to obtain based on the criteria; can be entered as text enclosed in double quotation marks, as a number corresponding to the column number or as a cell reference**Criteria**– the range of cells containing the conditions that we specify

**Setting up our Data**

Our data consists of four columns : Student ID (column B), Age (column C), Test Score (column D) and Department (column E). The range for the database is B2:E7. The criteria range is B10:E11. The database and criteria ranges should have matching headers.

In cell H2, we want to determine the minimum value of Age for the criteria we specify.

* Figure 2. Sample data for the DMIN function*

**Minimum age for Accounting Students using DMIN**

We want to find the minimum age for Accounting students in the list. To determine the minimum age using DMIN function, we follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Enter “Accounting” in cell E11

**Step 2**. Select H2 and enter the formula: `=`

**DMIN**(**B2:E7**,**C2**,**B10:E11**)

**Step 3**. Press ENTER

The range for the database is B2:E7. The criteria range is B10:E11. The field is C2, which is the cell reference to Age. The field value can also be entered as “Age” instead of C2.

The result in cell H2 is 18, which is the smallest age for Accounting students.

*Figure 3. Entering the formula for DMIN function*

The DMIN function can handle more than one criteria. Suppose we want to find the smallest age for Accounting students with Student ID greater than 18002. We follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Enter “Accounting” in cell E11

**Step 2**. Enter “>18002” in cell B11

**Step 3**. Select H2 and enter the formula: `=DMIN(B2:E7,C2,B10:E11)`

**Step 4**. Press ENTER

The formula is still the same as in the previous example. This time, there is one criteria added “**>18002**” for Student ID. As a result, the DMIN formula returns **19** in cell H2, which is the smallest age for Accounting students with Student ID greater than 18002.

*Figure 4. Using DMIN to find the minimum age based on the given criteria*

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