While working with Excel, we are able to determine the number of values that fall within a specified range by using the **COUNTIFS **function. The COUNTIFS function counts the number of cells that meet one or more criteria. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in counting numbers by range with COUNTIFS.

*Figure 1. Final result: Count cells by range using COUNTIFS*

Final formula: **=COUNTIFS(C3:C9,">=70",C3:C9,"<=79")**

**Syntax of COUNTIFS Function**

`=`

**COUNTIFS**(**criteria_range1**, **criteria1**, [**criteria_range2**, **criteria2**]…)

**Parameters:**

**Criteria_range1**: the data range that will be evaluated using the criteria1**Criteria1**: the criteria or condition that determines which cells will be counted**Criteria_range2**and**criteria2**are optional; only applied when there are more than one criteria as specified

**Setting up Our Data**

Our table contains a list of Personnel ID (column B) and Performance Rating (column C). Cells E3:E5 contains our criteria which classifies the Performance Rating into three ranges: 70-79, 80-89 and 90-99. The resulting count per range will be reflected in cells F3:F5.

* Figure 2. Sample data to count numbers by range using COUNTIFS*

**Count Numbers by Range using COUNTIFS**

We want to count the performance ratings per specified range.

**Count Ratings Between 70 and 79**

To count the number of ratings between the range of 70 to 79, we follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Select cell F3

**Step 2**. Enter the formula: `=`

**COUNTIFS**(**C3:C9**,"**>=70**",**C3:C9**,"**<=79**")

**Step 3**: Press ENTER

The range for our data set is **C3:C9**. Our formula has two criteria. It counts the cells in column C with values between 70 and 79. The symbol “**>=**” means “**greater than or equal to**” while “**<=**” means “**less than or equal to**”.

* Figure 3. Using the COUNTIFS function to count numbers between the range 70 and 79*

The formula returns the value 1, which means that there is only one value between 70 and 79 in our data.

### **Count Ratings Between 80 and 89**

To count the number of ratings between the range of 80 to 89, we follow these steps:

**Step 1**. Select cell F4

**Step 2**. Enter the formula: `=`

`COUNTIFS(C3:C9,">=80",C3:C9,"<=89")`

**Step 3**: Press ENTER

The procedure is the same as in our previous example. Only this time, the criteria is different because the lowest value is **80**, and the highest value is **89**. Our formula counts the cells in column C with values between 80 and 89.

The formula returns the value 4, which means that there are four values between 80 and 89, as highlighted below.

* Figure 4. Using the COUNTIFS function to count numbers between 80 and 89*

**Count Ratings Between 90 and 99**

To count the number of ratings between the range of 90 to 99, we follow the same procedure but entering this formula in cell F5:

`=`

**COUNTIFS**(**C3:C9**,**">=90"**,**C3:C9**,**"<=99"**)

The only difference is the specified criteria, which is between the range of 90 and 99. Our formula returns the value 2, for the ratings 93 and 97 as highlighted below.

* Figure 5. Using the COUNTIFS function to count numbers between 90 and 99*

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