Excel allows a user to count rows if multiple criteria are met by using the **SUMPRODUCT **function. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in counting rows that meet multiple criteria.

*Figure 1. The result of the SUMPRODUCT function*

**Syntax of the SUMPRODUCT Formula**

The generic formula for the SUMPRODUCT function is:

**=SUMPRODUCT((array1 = condition1) * (array2 = condition2))**

The parameters of the SUMPRODUCT function are:

**array1**and**array2**– range of cells where we want to apply a condition**condition1**and**condition2**– conditions which we want to apply on arrays.

The function compares cells one by one and returns Booleans TRUE or FALSE for both arrays. In the end, it multiplies Booleans and sums the results.

**Setting up Our Data for the SUMPRODUCT Function**

* Figure 2. Data that we will use in the SUMPRODUCT example*

Let’s look at the structure of the data we will use. The table consists of 4 columns: “Delivery Number” (column B), “Delivery Date” (column C), “City” (column D) and “Amount” (column E). In the cell H4, we want to get the count of all the rows that meet two conditions. The first condition is Delivery Date equal to H2, while the second is City equal to H3.

**Using the SUMPRODUCT to Count Rows Meeting Two Criteria**

In our example, we want to count all rows where the delivery date is 3-Oct-18 and City is Sacramento, CA.

The formula looks like:

**=SUMPRODUCT((C3:C9 = H2) * (D3:D9 = H3))**

The **array1** is C3:C9 and **condition1 **is H2. The **array2** is D3:D9 and **condition2 **is H3. Let’s evaluate the formula and see the result:

* Figure 3. Evaluate the SUMPRODUCT function*

As you can see, the function has TRUE if conditions are met or FALSE if not. The first part of the function returns {TRUE; FALSE; TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE}. The second part returns {TRUE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; FALSE; TRUE}.

After this multiplies these values one by one, where TRUE is 1 AND FALSE 0. The result of the multiplication is: {1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1}. In the end, all the values are summed and the result in the cell H4 is 2.

To apply the SUMPRODUCT function, we need to follow these steps:

- Select cell H4 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
`=SUMPRODUCT((C3:C9 = H2) * (D3:D9 = H3))`

- Press enter

* Figure 4. Using the SUMPRODUCT to count rows meeting two criteria*

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