We can count cells that contain a negative number within a **specified range of cells** with the **COUNTIF** function. We will walk through the procedure by following the simple steps below.

*Figure 1: COUNTIF Function for counting negative and positive numbers*

**Syntax**

**=COUNTIF (range, “<0”)**

**Formula**

**=COUNTIF(A4:A9,"<0")**

**Setting up the Data**

- We will set up our data by inputting the
**POSITIVE**and**NEGATIVE**numbers into**Column A**, titled,**RANGE**. - We will name Cell C3 as Range, Cell D3 as Criteria, and Cell E3 as Count.
- The Range is
**A4:A9**and the criteria are for the formula to count cells that have numbers that are greater than and less than zero.

* Figure 2: COUNTIF Function for counting negative numbers*

**Count of Cells that Contain Negative Numbers**

We will input the formula below into **Cell E4.**

**=COUNTIF(A4:A9,"<0")**

* Figure 3: COUNTIF Function for counting negative numbers*

We will press **enter** to get the result.

* Figure 4: COUNTIF Function for counting negative numbers*

**Count of Cells that Contain Positive Numbers**

We can do this by changing the **less than** sign to **greater than** sign. We will input the formula below into **Cell E5 **and press **enter.**

**=COUNTIF(A4:A9,"** **>0")**

* Figure 5: COUNTIF Function for counting positive numbers*

**Explanation**

The **COUNTIF** function counts the numbers that are present in a range that complies with specified criteria. Where the specified criteria is **less than** zero, the COUNTIF function returns the number of cells that have values which are less than zero.

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