# Excel - IF Function Problem - Expert Solution

Question description:
This user has given permission to use the problem statement for this blog.

can you teach me the steps to create a nested if function, and to nest an AND function inside of an IF function?
Solved by A. Q. in 22 mins
This is the chat thread from the real Excelchat help session. It contains no private user information.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:21
hello
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:21
Welcome, Thanks for choosing Got It Pro-Excel. I can help you with that problem.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:21
Before we get started, this is a reminder that our policy is 1 problem per session with additional Q&A on that problem as time allows.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:21
Do you have sample data which we can use to illustrate how to solve this problem?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:21
yes i understand
User 10/10/2018 - 02:22
no its not a problem i just need to know how to do it step bby step
User 10/10/2018 - 02:22
for my notes
User 10/10/2018 - 02:23
im trying my best to catch up in school and google is not helping right now lol
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:23
Okay.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:24
Basically, IF is a function which returns a value when a condition is TRUE and another value when a condition is FALSE.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:24
yes
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:24
Let me show you an example in the sheet to your right.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:25
ok
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:26
For example in cell C3 we have this function:
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:27
=IF(B3>=50,"Above Average", "Below Average")
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:27
Basically, the IF function checks the value in B3, if the value is greater than or equal to 50, it returns the remarks "Above average"
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:28
Otherwise, it returns "Below Average"
User 10/10/2018 - 02:28
ok
User 10/10/2018 - 02:28
but what is nesting?
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:28
That is the next thing to know.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:29
Nesting means using functions within other functions.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:29
An example is of a grading system.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:29
Let me illustrate it to the right.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:30
ok
User 10/10/2018 - 02:30
thanks
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:31
We can nest IF function with IF functions, like:
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:31
=IF(B3>80,"A",IF(B3>70,"B",IF(B3>60,"C",IF(B3>50,"D","E"))))
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:32
I have put it in D3
User 10/10/2018 - 02:32
ok
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:32
If we change the value of B3
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:32
The grade will change depending on the range.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:33
oh ok
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:33
Is there an question you have so far?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:33
i think i understand
User 10/10/2018 - 02:34
so this is creating a nested If function?
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:34
That is very good.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:34
so a nested function is just a function within another function?
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:34
Yeah, creating IF function within other IF functions is called NESTING.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:35
ooooooh!
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:35
EXACTLY
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:35
It has not to be an IF function
User 10/10/2018 - 02:35
so its only if conctions like countif?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:35
if functions i mean
User 10/10/2018 - 02:35
ok
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:36
NO, nesting can be done with any other functions.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:36
ok
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:36
It has not to do with the IF functions.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:36
Another example is:
User 10/10/2018 - 02:36
so say um sum with another sum?
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:36
Yeah
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:36
OR
User 10/10/2018 - 02:37
a function within another function
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:37
TODAY function in YEAR function like:
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:37
=YEAR(TODAY())
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:38
That is another nested example, they are several of them which you can make.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:38
ok
User 10/10/2018 - 02:38
who can i email to get a copy of the chat log so i can print it?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:39
when i do it it looks terrible
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:39
You want to print the online sheet to your right?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:39
yes
User 10/10/2018 - 02:40
oh no
User 10/10/2018 - 02:40
no
User 10/10/2018 - 02:40
the chat log
User 10/10/2018 - 02:40
i learn better from reading text
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:40
Okay.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:41
You can use the email:
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:41
sheets.support@gotitapp.co
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:42
Do you have any other questions or clarification you may need about this problem and the solution?
User 10/10/2018 - 02:42
i dont think so
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:42
It was my pleasure helping you solve this problem. Any time you have a problem with Excel do not hesitate to come back for help.
User 10/10/2018 - 02:42
thanks!
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:43
Kindly rate us at the end of the chat.
Excelchat Expert 10/10/2018 - 02:43
Thank you!
User 10/10/2018 - 02:43
welcome

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