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# Excel PROPER Function

Excel allows us to convert any text string into proper case by using the PROPER function.  The proper case of a text means that all first letters of each word is capitalized, and all succeeding letters are in lower case.  This tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in converting text to proper case.

Figure 1. Final result of the PROPER function

## Syntax of the PROPER Function

Syntax of Proper function:

`=PROPER(text)`

• text – a text string that we want to convert to proper case; could be a text enclosed in quotation marks, or a reference to a cell containing text

## Convert Text to Proper Case

There are two ways to convert a text to proper case:

• Use the text enclosed in quotation marks as the argument text
• Use a cell as reference containing the text we want to convert

### Using text enclosed in quotation marks

Suppose we want to convert the text “tHE 4ms in productioN” to its proper case.

Step 1. Enter the formula in cell C3: `=``PROPER(“tHE 4ms in productioN”)`

Step 2. Press ENTER

Figure 2. Using the PROPER function to convert a text to proper case

As shown in Figure 2, the text is converted to proper case.  The first letters of each word is capitalized, and the succeeding letters are in lower case.  Note that in proper case, for a word starting with a character that is not a letter, such as 4M, the letter directly after the character is also capitalized.  Therefore, the result in cell C3 is “The 4Ms In Production”.

### Using a cell as reference to a text

In this example, we will convert the same text “tHE 4ms in productioN” into its proper case, but this time we will use a cell reference to the function.

Step 1. Enter the formula in cell C3: `=``PROPER(B3)`

Step 2. Press ENTER

Figure 3. Using the PROPER function to convert a text in a cell

The result is the same as in the previous example. The value in cell C3 is “The 4Ms In Production”.

Most of the time, the problem you will need to solve will be more complex than a simple application of a formula or function. If you want to save hours of research and frustration, try our live Excelchat service! Our Excel Experts are available 24/7 to answer any Excel question you may have. We guarantee a connection within 30 seconds and a customized solution within 20 minutes.