The SUMIF function in Excel is used to sum values based on a single condition or criteria. However, if we want to sum values based on multiple criteria where at least one of the conditions are met, we use the SUMIF with OR logic. There are different methods to do this.
Figure 1. Final result
Adding Multiple SUMIF Functions
We sum the results of multiple SUMIF functions in one cell where each SUMIF function handles one condition or criteria. In our dataset, we have a table of products’ orders and their values. We need to add up the orders’ values of two products “Banana” and “Apple”, whichever is available using SUMIF with OR criteria in the following formula;
Figure 2. Adding multiple SUMIF functions
Using SUM and SUMIF with an Array Constant
Here, we supply more than one value of the criteria using an array constant in criteria argument of the SUMIF function. An Array constant is a list of criteria values, separated by commas, and this list of values is enclosed in curly brackets. As we have more than one value as criteria in the array constant, so the SUMIF function will return one result for each value of criteria in the array. Therefore, we finally wrap the SUMIF function in the SUM function to add up the results of each criterion based on the SUMIF with OR criteria.
Note that the criteria values in the array constant are supplied directly and not as a cell reference. The text values are supplied in double quotation marks, and numeric values are supplied without double quotation marks.
Figure 3. Using SUM and SUMIF function with an array constant
Using SUMIF with SUMPRODUCT Function
If we want to list the criteria values in cell references rather than supplying them directly in the formula, we wrap the SUMIF function in the SUMPRODUCT function. The criteria values are listed in the range of cells and then we supply this range in the criteria argument of the SUMIF function. The SUMIF function returns the result for each criteria value as an array of values and the SUMPRODUCT returns the sum of those resulting values based on the SUMIF with OR criteria. In this example, the values of the products are listed in range G2:G3 as criteria argument in the SUMIF function in the following formula.
Figure 4. Using SUMIF with SUMPRODUCT function
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