We can **sum multiple columns** **conditionally** by **specifying a criterion**. We can do this with a formula that is based on the **SUMPRODUCT** function. The steps below will walk through the process.

*Figure 1: Result of the Sum of Multiple Columns with Football as the Criterion*

**Basic Formula**

`=SUMPRODUCT((criterion_range=”football”)*(sum_range))`

**Formula**

`=SUMPRODUCT((A4:A9=”Football”)*(B4:D9))`

**Setting up the Data**

- We will set up the data by inserting the values into
**Column A to Column D** - We will input
**football sum**in**Cell E4**as**football**will be the**criterion**in this example - The result will be displayed in
**Cell F4**which is currently empty

* Figure 2: How to Sum if One Criteria Multiple Columns*

**Inserting the Formula**

- We will click on
**Cell F4** - We will insert the formula below into the cell

**SUMPRODUCT((A4:A9=”Football”)*(B4:D9))**

* Figure 3: How to Sum if One Criteria Multiple Columns*

- We will click on
**enter**

* Figure 4: Result of the Sum of Multiple Columns with Football as the Criterion*

**Explanation**

Formula: **=SUMPRODUCT((A4:A9=”Football”)*(B4:D9))**

In the formula, we use the **SUMPRODUCT** function to check if Cell A4 to Cell A9 contains **“football.” **We will have an array result of **TRUE** or** FALSE** like this:

`{`

**TRUE**;FALSE;FALSE;**TRUE**;FALSE;FALSE}

This is multiplied by the values in the range **B4:D9, **where **TRUE represents 1 **and** FALSE represents 0.**

The result inside the SUMPRODUCT function looks like this:

**SUMPRODUCT**({**4,3,2**;0,0,0;0,0,0;**1,4,2**;0,0,0;**1,4,3**})

The product is summed and the result is **24** as shown in **figure 4.**

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