We can use the statistical Excel VARPA function to calculate the variance of a population. This calculation can include text and logical values. Logical values like TRUE, FALSE and TEXT has the values of 1, 0 and 0 respectively. This article will step through the use of the VARPA function.
Figure 1: Variance of Population with the Excel VARPA Function
The syntax for Excel VARPA function
=VARPA(Value1, [Value2, ... Value_n])
Setting up the Data
We will set up the data according to the content of figure 2.
- The values whose variance we intend to calculate are in Column A.
- The output or result of the variance of a population will be in Cell C5
Figure 2: How to Use the Excel VARPA Function
Using the VARPA Function
- We will click on Cell C5 and insert the formula:
- We will press the enter key
Figure 3: Variance of Population with the Excel VARPA Function
- The EXCEL VARPA Function is used for arguments that represent only an entire population. For values that represent a sample of a population, the Excel VARA function is used.
- We can ignore logical and text values in references with the Excel VARP or VAR.P function to calculate variance based on an entire population.
- Empty cells in arrays or cell references are ignored in EXCEL VARPA Function
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