Excel allows us to get a random number from a range using the CHOOSE and RANDBETWEEN functions. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users to learn how to randomly generate words in Excel.
Figure 1. The final result of the formula
Syntax of the RANDBETWEEN Formula
The generic formula for the RANDBETWEEN function is:
The parameters of the RANDBETWEEN function are:
- bottom – a value from which we want to get a random value
- top – a value to which we want to get a random value.
Syntax of the CHOOSE Formula
The generic formula for the CHOOSE function is:
=CHOOSE(index_num, value1, [value2], [value3],...)
The parameters of the CHOOSE function are:
- index_num – an index of the value which we want to retrieve
- value1, [value2], [value3],… – a list of values from which one value is returned.
Get a Random Name Using the Formula
In the cell B3, we want to get a random name from the name list: “Mike”, “John”, “Lilly”, “Robert” and “Jennifer”.
The formula looks like:
=CHOOSE(RANDBETWEEN(1,5), "George", "Matt", "Ann", "Sam", "Jennifer")
The parameter bottom of the RANDBETWEEN function is 1 and the top is 5. The result of this function is a random number between 1 and 5 which is the index_num parameter of the CHOOSE function. The values of the function are “George”, “Matt”, “Ann”, “Sam”, “Jennifer”.
To apply the formula, we need to follow these steps:
- Select cell B3 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
- Press enter.
Figure 2. Using the formula to get a random name from the range
If we evaluate the function, we can see that the RANDBETWEEN function returns number 1. Therefore, the CHOOSE function returns the first value from the values. Finally, the result in the B3 cell is “George”.
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