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Excel MROUND Function

We use the MROUND function to round off a given set of numbers either up or down to the nearest specified multiple. The steps below will walk through the process.

Figure 1- Result of rounding off numbers using the MROUND function

General formula

=MROUND(num,multiple)

Formula

=MROUND (B5,C5)

Setting up the Data

The objective is to round off each number using the multiples as shown in figure 2

  • We will input the numbers in the range B5:B10 and titled them as “Number.
  • We will put the multiples in C5:C10 and title them as “Multiple.
  • Column D will contain the results after applying the MROUND function

Figure 2- Setting up the Data

Applying the MROUND function

  • We will click on Cell D5

 

  • We will insert the formula: =MROUND (B5,C5) into Cell D5

 

Figure 3 – Applying the MROUND function

  • We will press the Enter key

Figure 4- How to round off numbers using MROUND function

  • Using the fill handle, we will copy the formula to the other cells of the Result column

Figure 5 – Result of rounding off numbers using the MROUND function

Explanation

=MROUND (num,multiple)

The MROUND function rounds off numbers (“num”) to the nearest multiple that is specified. The MROUND function always rounds away from zero and the rounding will occur if the remainder from the left when dividing the number by the multiple is greater than or equal to half of the multiple values. Multiple must also have the same sign as the number. If the numbers and multiples do not have the same sign, then the #NUM error will be displayed as shown in figure 4, Cell D8.   

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