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How to Use VLOOKUP with Numbers and Text

If we want to use the VLOOKUP function with both numbers and text, there usually is a mismatch between numbers and text. This article will step through the process of successfully using the VLOOKUP function with number and text.

Figure 1. Final result


Below are the original and revised forms of the formula.

=VLOOKUP(id, planets, 2, 0) // Original

=VLOOKUP(id &””, planets, 2, 0) // Revised

How the function works

Concatenating an empty string to a number converts it to text. This can also be done with a longer formula which utilizes the TEXT function to convert to text.

=VLOOKUP(TEXT(id, “@”), planets, 2, 0)

Even with these formulas, we might still be unsure whether we are dealing with numbers or text. In such an instance, we need to wrap the VLOOKUP formula inside IFERROR. This will yield the formula below:

=IFERROR(VLOOKUP(id, planets, 3, 0), VLOOKUP(id&””, planets, 3, 0))

Example 1: VLOOKUP with numbers and text

Step 1: Prepare the data

Figure 2. Example on how to use VLOOKUP with Numbers and Text

Step 2: Specify where to put the formula then Press Enter.

Figure 3. Example on how to use VLOOKUP with Numbers and Text

Your final result should be as below:

Figure 4. Example on how to use VLOOKUP with Numbers and Text

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Another blog reader asked this question today on Excelchat:
Here are some problems that our users have asked and received explanations on

Stuck with a VLOOKUP issue in Excel. Have tried everything from looking up numbers to text, text to columns, copied data into a new sheet, pasted values only, text to columns, lookup values as text and nothing works. I am not new to troubleshooting VLOOKUP issues but this has me stumped.
Solved by D. J. in 20 mins
I am trying to format file numbers so I can do a vlookup. I am coming up with the infamous n/a I have both numbers set up as text but I am getting nada!
Solved by Z. F. in 18 mins
How do you autofill cells with text and numbers?
Solved by M. E. in 23 mins

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