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Learn How to Use INDEX and MATCH with Multiple Criteria

We can use an array formula that is based on the INDEX and MATCH functions to lookup a value based on multiple criteria. The steps below will walk through the process.

Figure 1- How to Use INDEX and MATCH with Multiple Criteria

General Formula

=INDEX(range1,MATCH(1,(A1=range2)*(B1=range3)*(C1=range4),0))

Formula

=INDEX(E4:E10,MATCH(1,(H3=B4:B10)*(H4=C4:C10)*(H5=D4:D10),0))

Setting up the Data

We will use the INDEX and MATCH functions to get the Cost of the A grade item that is of medium size and short height in figure 2.

Figure 2 – Setting up the Data

Lookup Cost with INDEX and MATCH with Multiple Criteria

  • We will click on Cell H6
  • We will insert the formula below into Cell H6
    =INDEX(E4:E10,MATCH(1,(H3=B4:B10)*(H4=C4:C10)*(H5=D4:D10),0))
  • Because this is an array formula, we will press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER

Figure 3- Result for Lookup of Cost with INDEX and MATCH functions with Multiple Criteria

Explanation

In this formula, the MATCH function looks through a one-column range and provides a match based on a specified criteria. Values must be concatenated in a helper column as seen in Column G and Column H. Without this, we can’t supply more than one criteria.

An array of 1 and 0 is used to show the rows that match all three criteria (A, MEDIUM, SHORT). The MATCH FUNCTION is then used to match the first criteria that is found.

From this section of the formula below, we can get the temporary array of 1’s and 0’s:

(H3=B4:B10)*(H4=C4:C10)*(H5=D4:D10)

First, a comparison is made between Cell H3 against all grades, Cell H4 against all Sizes, and Cell H5 against all Height.

An array of TRUE and FALSE is produced. The multiplication operator transforms this into 1s and 0s like this:

{1;0;1;0;0;0;0}*{0;1;1;0;0;0;1}*{0;1;1;0;0;1;0}

The final result is returned to MATCH and MATCH returns 3.

=INDEX(E4:E10,3)

INDEX returns the result as 25.

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