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# Excel ROWS Function

We can use the Excel ROWS function to count the number of rows in a specified array or reference. In easy steps, we will walk through the process of checking an array reference and count the number of rows in that reference. Figure 1: Results of using the Excel ROWS function

## General Formula

`=ROWS(array)`

## Formula

`=ROWS(A5)`

## Setting up the Data

• We will set up a hypothetical list of arrays called Formula in column B
• Convert formula to text to see only the formula by right clicking on the cell and selecting “format text”.
• Column C will contain our results after we input the array formula extracted from each cell in Column B Figure 2: Setting up the Data

## Using the Excel ROWS function

• We will click on Cell C4 and enter the array as displayed in Cell B4.
`=ROWS(A5)`
• We will press the enter key Figure 3: Applying the ROWS function

• Next, we will select Cell C5
• We will enter the array displayed in Cell B5 into Cell C5
`=ROWS(A3:A9)`
• We will press the enter key Figure 4: Applying the ROWS function

• We will follow the steps above to find the results for the remaining cells. Figure 5: Results of using the Excel ROWS function

## Explanation

The Excel ROWS Function will count the number of rows in the given reference. For instance, the Cell B5 contains ROWS(A3:A9), when we apply the ROWS function to this cell, it will return with seven because the range contains seven rows.

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