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# If Cell is X or Y and Z

We can use a nested formula that combines the IF, AND, and OR functions to test for multiple conditions. Here, we will test if a cell value fulfills X OR Y conditions and Z CONDITION. The steps below will walk through the process. Figure 1: Result of If Cell is “Science” or “Arts” and “A”

## General Formula

`= IF(AND(OR(x is True, y is True), z is True),value_if_True,value_if_False)`

The TRUE Value is returned only if the X OR Y CRITERIA IS TRUE and Z IS ALSO TRUE

## Formula

`=IF(AND(OR(B4="Science",B4="Arts"),C4="A"),"Qualified","Unsuitable")`

## Setting up the Data

• We will set up the data by inputting the Names of Recruits in Column A
• The discipline of the recruits are placed in Column B
• Their chances of been hired are placed in Column C with assigned alphabets
• Column D is where we want the formula to return the result. Qualified signifies a TRUE value and Unsuitable is a FALSE value Figure 2: Setting up the Data

## If Cell is “Science” or “Arts” and “A”

• We will click on Cell D4
• We will insert the formula below into the cell
`=IF(AND(OR(B4="Science",B4="Arts"),C4="A"),"Qualified","Unsuitable")`
• We will press the enter key Figure 3: If Cell is “Science” or “Arts” and “A”

• We will click on Cell D4 again
• We will double-click on the fill handle (the small plus sign at the bottom right of Cell D4) and drag down to copy the formula into the other cells Figure 4: Result of If Cell is “Science” or “Arts” and “A”

## Explanation

`=IF(AND(OR(B4="Science",B4="Arts"),C4="A"),"Qualified","Unsuitable")`

The OR function checks Cell B4 if it has either science or arts as its value. The AND function checks if Cell C4 has the value, “A.” The IF function returns the result as Qualified or Unsuitable if the criteria are met.

## Note

• If we chose to only leave the inverted commas and remove “Unsuitable” from the formula, we will have empty cells in the place of Unsuitable as the result.
• If we remove the False value (UNSUITABLE) including the inverted commas, we will have FALSE in the place of Unsuitable as the result.

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