You may have a range of data in Excel and need to determine whether or not a cell is Blank. This article explains how to accomplish this using the IF function.

## Determine if a cell is blank or not blank

Generally, the Excel IF function evaluates where a cell is Blank or Not Blank to return a specified value in TRUE or FALSE arguments. Moreover, IF function also tests blank or not blank cells to control unexpected results while making comparisons in a** logical_test** argument or making calculations in TRUE/FALSE arguments because Excel interprets blank cell as zero, and not as an empty or blank cell.

### Syntax of IF function is;

**IF(logical_test, value_if_true, value_if_false)**

In IF statement to evaluate whether the cell is Blank or Not Blank, you can use either of the following approaches;

- Logical expressions Equal to Blank
**(=””)**or Not Equal to Blank**(<>””)**

- ISBLANK function to check blank or null values. If a cell is blank, then it returns TRUE, else returns FALSE.

Following examples will explain the difference to evaluate Blank or Not Blank cells using IF statement.

**Blank Cells**

To evaluate the cells as **Blank**, you need to use either logical expression Equal to Blank **(=””) **of

function inthe**ISBLANK **

argument of the IF formula. In both methods ** logical_test***logical_test* argument returns TRUE if a cell is Blank, otherwise, it returns FALSE if the cell is Not Blank

For example, you need to evaluate that if a cell is

the blank value, otherwise return a value **Blank,****“Delivered”**. In both approaches, following would be the IF formula;

**=IF(C2="","","Delivered")**

**OR**

**=IF(ISBLANK(C2),"","Delivered")**

In both of the approaches,

argument returns TRUE if a cell is Blank, and the **logical_test**

argument returns the blank value. Otherwise, the **value_if_true**

argument returns value **value_if_false****“Delivered”.**

**Not Blank Cells**

To evaluate the cells are

you need to use either the logical expression **Not Blank****Not Equal to Blank ****(<>””) **of

function in**ISBLANK **

argument of IF formula. In case of logical expression Not Equal to Blank ** logical_test****(<>””)** *logical_test* argument returns TRUE if the cell is Not Blank, otherwise, it returns FALSE. In case of the

function, the **ISBLANK**

argument returns FALSE if a cell is Not Bank. Otherwise it returns TRUE if a cell is blank.**logical_test**

For example, you need to evaluate that if a cell is

then return a value **Not Blank,****“ Delivered”**, otherwise return a blank value. In both approaches, following would be the IF formula;

**=IF(C2<>"","Delivered","")**

In this approach, the logical expression **Not Equal to Blank **** (<>“”) **returns TRUE in the

**logical_test**

argument if a cell is Not Blank, and the **value_if_true**

argument returns a value **“Delivered”**, otherwise

**value_if_false**

argument a blank value.**OR**

**=IF(ISBLANK(C2),"","Delivered")**

This approach is opposite to first one above. In IF formula, ISBLANK function returns FALSE in the

argument if a cell is Not Blank, so **logical_test**

argument returns blank value and a **value_if_true**

argument returns a value **value_if_false****“Delivered”**.

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