In Excel, we are able to group times into buckets using the FLOOR function. The FLOOR function rounds a number down to the nearest multiple, as specified by the user. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in grouping time into buckets.
Figure 1. Final result: Group times into 3-hour buckets
Syntax of FLOOR Function
The parameters are:
- number – the value we want to round down to the nearest multiple
- significance – any number that determines the multiple to which we want to round the number
Setting up Our Data
Our table consists of a list of times in column B. In column C, we want to determine the 3-hour bucket that each data point belongs to.
The time interval 12:01 AM to 02:59 AM belongs to the 12:00 AM bucket, 03:00 AM to 05:59 AM belongs to the 03:00 AM bucket, and so on.
Figure 2. Sample data to group times into 3-hour buckets
Group times into 3-hour buckets
To group the times into 3-hour buckets, we need to round down the times into multiples of 3.
We need to follow these steps:
Step 1. Select cell C3
Step 2. Enter the formula:
Step 3: Press ENTER
Step 4: Copy the formula to the succeeding cells by clicking and dragging down the “+” icon at the lower-right corner of cell C3
Figure 3. Using the FLOOR function to determine the 3-hour bucket group
Figure 4. Output: Group times into 3-hour buckets
Finally, the times are now grouped into 3-hour buckets: 12:00 AM, 3:00 AM, 6:00 AM, 9:00 AM, 12:00 PM and 3:00 PM.
With the FLOOR function, we are able to group times into other time buckets such as 1 hour, 6 hours, or even 30 minutes.
Most of the time, the problem you will need to solve will be more complex than a simple application of a formula or function. If you want to save hours of research and frustration, try our live Excelchat service! Our Excel Experts are available 24/7 to answer any Excel question you may have. We guarantee a connection within 30 seconds and a customized solution within 20 minutes.