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Discover How to Calculate the Median in Excel

We can use the MEDIAN function to return the middle number in a range. If the total numbers in the range are odd, the middle number is taken as the median. If the total numbers in the range are even, the average of the two middle numbers is taken as the median. The steps below will walk through the process.

Figure 1- Final result of the MEDIAN function


=MEDIAN(number1, [number2], ...)

  • number1: This is a number or cell reference that refers to numeric values
  • number2 [optional]: This is a number or cell reference that refers to numeric values



Setting up the Data

  • The Branches of a betting store will be entered into Column B
  • Column C, D, E, and F will contain the NUMBER OF BETTORS for each of the stores for 4 days
  • The median for each branch will be returned in Column G

Figure 2 – Setting up the Data

Calculate the MEDIAN for each Branch

  • We will click on Cell G5
  • We will insert the formula below into Cell G5
  • We will press the enter key

Figure 3- Median for Vegas

  • We will click on Cell G5 again
  • We will double click on the fill handle tool which is the small plus sign you see at the bottom right of Cell G5. Select and drag down to copy the formula to other cells.

Figure 4- Median for the Stores


  • Any empty cell and cell with text or logical values within the range is ignored by the MEDIAN Function
  • The numbers could be supplied to the MEDIAN function as numbers, ranges, named ranges, or cell references that contain numeric values. Up to 255 numbers can be supplied.

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Are you still looking for help with the Average function? View our comprehensive round-up of Average function tutorials here.

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