Excel allows a user to use a logical expression in order to check if several conditions are met. This is possible by using the AND function which returns Boolean TRUE if all conditions are met, or FALSE if at least one condition is not met. This step by step tutorial will assist all levels of Excel users in using the AND function.
Figure 1. The result of the AND function
Syntax of the AND Formula
The generic formula for the AND function is:
=AND(logical1, logical2, … )
The parameters of the AND function are:
- logical1, logical2, … – logical expressions which need to be true.
Setting up Our Data for the AND Formula
Let’s first look at the structure of the data. Our table has 2 columns: “Amount” (column B) and “Amount between 250 and 500” (column C). In column C we want to check if the value from column B is between 250 and 500 and return TRUE or FALSE.
Figure 2. The data that we will use in the AND example
Using the AND Function to Check Two Logical Expressions
In our example, we want to check if the value in B3 (350) is between 250 and 500 and get the result in C3. Therefore we need two have two logical expressions: The value needs to be greater than 250 and less than 500. If both conditions are true, the formula returns TRUE.
The formula looks like:
The parameter logical1 is B3>250, and the logical2 is B3<500.
To apply the AND function, we need to follow these steps:
- Select cell C3 and click on it
- Insert the formula:
- Press enter
- Drag the formula down to the other cells in the column by clicking and dragging the little “+” icon at the bottom-right of the cell.
Figure 3. Using the AND function
The B3 value, 350, is greater than 250 and also less than 500. Because both conditions are met, the function returns TRUE.
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